Ponds In General

PLANNING

PLAN YOUR POND OR WATER FEATURE TO ENHANCE AND COMPLIMENT THE BEAUTY OF YOUR GARDEN, AVOID AREAS CLOSE TO TREES, ROTTING LEAF LITTER WILL POLLUTE THE POND AND ENCOURAGE ALGAE GROWTH . IT IS IMPORTANT TO SITE YOUR POND WHERE IT WILL NOT BE POLLUTED BY INSECTICIDES AND WEED KILLERS

ACCESS TO POWER SHOULD BE ASSESSED AS PUMPS AND LIGHTS REQUIRE ELECTRICITY, SOLAR LIGHTS AND PUMPS ARE AVAILABLE, HOWEVER THEY ARE EXPENSIVE

THE LARGER THE POND THE BETTER (DEPENDING ON YOUR BUDGET AND LANDSCAPE)

A LARGER POND IS MORE STABLE

SETTING UP YOUR POND

MOST PONDS WILL BE FILLED USING TAP WATER, WE RECOMMEND YOU USE A DECHLORINATER THAT ALSO REMOVES HEAVY METALS.PH SHOULD BE CHECKED BY THE USE OF A POND TEST KIT, THE SAFE RANGE FOR YOUR POND IS BETWEEN 6.5-8.5 WITH 7.5 BEING THE IDEAL, IF THE POND IS OUT OF THIS RANGE THEN A PH ADJUSTER SHOULD BE USED.

A BIO STARTER CAN BE ADDED TO START UP THE ESSENTIAL BIOLOGICAL CYCLE

WATER QUALITY

FISH AND PLANTS IN PONDS DEPEND ENTIRELY ON THEIR ENVIRONMENT THAT THEY LIVE IN FOR THEIR HEALTH. FAILURE TO KEEP THE WATER HEALTHY WILL RESULT IN SICKNESS AND DEATH

THE NITROGEN CYCLE OCCURS IN ALL MATURE PONDS. IN A WELL STOCKED POND YOU NEED A FILTER WHICH ACCELERATES THE NITROGEN CYCLE AND ACTS LIKE A SEWAGE TREATMENT.

TEST FOR AMMONIA AND NITRITE TO ENSURE THESE REMAIN AT ZERO

THE NITROGEN CYCLE NEEDS TO BE ESTABLISHED AND CAN TAKE UP TO SIX WEEKS

DURING THE FIRST FEW WEEKS OR AFTER KILLING OFF ALL THE GOOD BACTERIA.AMMONIA IS LETHAL TO FISH AND IS THE HIGHEST KILLER IN FISH.

NITRATE IS LESS TOXIC BUT IS STILL STRESSFUL TO THE FISH AND IN HIGH READINGS CAN CAUSE DEATH

FILTRATION

IF YOU INTEND HAVING FISH THEN YOUR POND SHOULD BE FILTERED., THIS WILL ALSO HELP REDUCE ALGAE AND YOUR POND WILL LOOK CLEARER

THE LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR YOUR POND IS YOUR FILTER. THE POND WATER IS CONSTANTLY CIRCULATED THROUGH THE BACTERIA IN YOUR FILTER WHICH BREAKS DOWN THE WASTE TO MAINTAIN HEALTHY WATER YOUR FILTER MUST BE CLEANED SO THAT IT CAN WORK EFFICIENTLY. THIS IS VERY EASY BY

FOLLOWING A FEW STEPS.

TURN PUMP OFF AND REMOVE FROM POND DO NOT LIFT BY CABLE

REMOVE SPONGE FILTER AND PREFILTER

RINSE IN BUCKET OF POND WATER, IT IS ONLY NECESSARY TO REMOVE THE HEAVY PARTICLES

REASSEMBLE AND RETURN PUMP TO POND

IF USING FILTER MEDIA DO NOT ALLOW TO DRY AND QUICKLY WASH THEM OUT IN A BUCKET OF POND

WATER

RETURN THE MEDIA TO THE FILTER ENSURING THE MEDIA DOES NOT BLOCK ANY PIPE WORK

ESSENTIAL RULE

IT IS IMPORTANT NOT TO WASH YOUR FILTER SPONGE WITH TAP WATER AS THIS WILL KILL LARGE NUMBERS OF GOOD BACTERIA ONLY EVER USE WATER FROM YOUR POND TO CLEAN YOUR FILTER

AERATION

FISH NEED HEALTHY OXYGENATED WATER TO THRIVE.IT IS VITAL THAT YOUR POND HAS SUFFICIENT AERATION TOGAS OFF ANY UNWANTED CARBON DIOXIDE AND MAXIMISE THE UPTAKE OF OXYGEN.

AERATION CAN BE ACHIEVED IN SEVERAL WAYS

A POND PUMP SUPPLIES WATER MOVEMENT,WHICH AIDS OXYGENATION

AIR PUMPS CAN SUPPLY A LOT OF AIR TO SEVERAL AIRSTONES PLACED IN BOTH THE POND AND BIOLOGICAL FILTER,THE FILTRATION BACTERIA ALSO NEEDS A GOOD SUPPLY OF OXYGENATED WATER TO THRIVE.

FOUNTAINS PROVIDE EXCELLENT DECORATION AND AERATION.THEY CAN HOWEVER BE NOISY AT NIGHT,ENSURE ALTERNATIVE AERATIONSHOULD BE SUPPLIED IF YOU TURN YOUR FOUNTAINOFF AT NIGHT WATERFALLS ARE A NATURAL WAY OF INCREASING AERATION

OXYGENATING PLANTS ONLY PROVIDE OXYGEN IN DAYLIGHT,AT NIGHT THEY USE OXYGEN SEE OUR POND PLANT IINFORMATION SHEET

PLANTING

POND PLANTS LOOK GOOD AND ADD COLOUR THEY PROVIDE AN AREA FOR YOUR FISH TO HIDE.

KEEPING LIVE PLANTS IN THE POND WILL HELP REDUCE ALGAE GROWTH

WATER LILLIE’S REQUIRE SOME SUN EVERY DAY, AND ALL DEAD LEAVES SHOULD BE REMOVED BEFORE THEY DECAY

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