Setting up a Reef Aquarium

THE MOST IMPORTANT REQUIREMENTS FOR A SUCCESSFUL REEF TANK ARE GOOD LIGHTING ,GOOD WATER FLOW AND LOW DISSOLVED ORGANICS

LIGHTING

CORALS ARE PHOTOSYNTHETIC,THE SAME AS PLANTS AND THEY DERIVE A LARGE PORTION OF THEIR

ENERGY THROUGH LIGHT.METAL HALIDE LIGHTS ARE THE BEST, THEY ARE  MORE EXPENSIVE TO PURCHASE.HOWEVER,THE BULBS ONLY NEED TO BE CHANGED EVERY EIGHTEEN MONTHS ,COMPARED TO FLURO TUBES WHICH NEED TO BE REPLACED EVERY NINE MONTHS TO TWELVE MONTHS

IF USING T5 FLUROS YOU WILL NEED AT LEAST THREE TUBES

HIGH OUTPUT LED UNITS ARE NOW POPULAR AND ARE IMPROVING ON THEIR ABILITIES TO GROW WONDERFUL CORAL REEF TANKS

GOOD WATER FLOW

CORALS RELY ON THE MOVEMENT OF WATER OVER THEIR BODIES TO REMOVE WASTE PRODUCTS AWAY FROM THEMSELVES.THIS MEANS THAT YOU NEED TO PROVIDE A NUMBER OF WATER CIRCULATING PUMPS IN THE DESIGN OF YOUR AQUARIUM.

LOW DISSOLVED ORGANICS

CORALS LIVE IN AREAS THAT HAVE VERY LOW LEVELS OF AVAILABLE NUTRIENTS AND THE BEST WAY TO ACHIEVE THIS IS THROUGH A PROTEIN SKIMMER  SKIMMERS COST BETWEEN $100 TO $600

CORALS NEED TRACE ELEMENT SUPPLEMENTS ADDED TO THE WATER, AND SOME CORALS WILL NEED TO BE FED.WATER CHANGING OF AROUND 30% PER FORTNIGHT

YOU ALSO HAVE TO CHOOSE IF YOU WANT ALL OF THE EQUIPMENT INSIDE THE TANK,OR IF YOU WOULD PREFER A SUMP BELOW THE TANK IN A CABINET.A SUMP&RETURN PUMP WILL COST ABOUT $350.00

THE TANK WILL NEED A 3-4 INCH BED OF SAND.FILL THE TANK WITH SALT WATER AND MOUNT ALL OF THE POWER HEADS.START THE PROTEIN SKIMMER AND HEATER AND ALLOW THE TANK TO CIRCULATE FOR AT LEAST A DAY.TEST THE PH AND SALINITY OF THE WATER

LIVE ROCK CAN NOW BE ADDED AT AROUND 10 KG PER 40 LITRES.BUILD THE ROCK UP TO CREATE SHELVES AND PLACES TO PUT YOUR CORALS ON

RUN THE LIGHT FOR TWO HOURS PER DAY AT THIS STAGE

LEAVE THE TANK LIKE THIS FOR THREE WEEKS SO THAT THE BACTERIAL PROCESS IS UNDERWAY

THEN INTRODUCE SNAILS,URCHINS AND ONE FISH

TWO WEEKS LATER YOU CAN INTRODUCE  A COUPLE OF CORALS AND THE LIGHTS SHOULD BE

OPERATING 6-7 HOURS PER DAY

TWO WEEKS LATER YOU CAN NOW START TO INCREASE YOUR STOCK IN YOUR TANK

YOUR LIGHTS SHOULD NOW BE OPERATING FOR ABOUT 10 HOURS PER DAY

DURING THE FIRST THREE MONTHS GO SLOWLY WHEN INTRODUCING NEW FISH TO YOUR TANK AND NO MORE THAN TWO FISH PER FORTNIGHT UP TO YOUR MAXIMUM

WATER CHANGES

WATER CHANGES OF USUALLY AROUND 30% FORTNIGHTLY

HOWEVER,THE WATER NEEDS TO BE PREPARED 24 HOURS PRIOR TO THE CHANGE,IT SHOULD BE AERATED AND HEATED TO 25 DEGREES AND READY TO GO IN TO THE AQUARIUM BEFORE ANY WATER IS REMOVED.

WE RECOMMEND RUNNING YOUR TANK WITH TWO HEATERS IN CASE OF A PROBLEM WITH THE HEATER,  IT DOES NOT COST ANY MORE TO RUN TWO HEATERS AS THEY WILL BOTH TURN OFF QUICKER.

THE LITTLE EXTRA EFFORT WILL MAKE IT ALL WORTHWHILE WHEN YOU SIT BACK AND ENJOY THE

VIBRANT COLOURS AND BEHAVIOURS OF YOUR SPECTACULAR MARINE FISH AND CORALS.

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