Setting up a goldfish Aquarium

RINSE  THE  TANK OUT WITH WATER (DO NOT USE  DETERGENTS)

DO NOT PLACE YOUR TANK TOO CLOSE  TO A WINDOW OR YOU WILL HAVE AN ALGAE  PROBLEM

TANKS SHOULD HAVE  STYRENE  FOAM PLACED UNDER THEM

WASH YOUR GRAVEL THOROUGHLY  WITH WATER BEFORE PLACING IN TO YOUR AQUARIUM

WHEN ADDING WATER,POUR THE WATER ONTO A BOWL SO THAT YOU DO NOT DISTURB THE GRAVEL.WHEN HALF FULL ADD YOUR ROCKS,DRIFTWOOD,ORNAMENTS AND CHLORINE NEUTRALISER

YOU WILL NEED TO KNOW HOW MANY LITRES YOUR TANK HOLDS, FOR YOUR  CHLORINE NEUTRALISER AND ANY MEDICATIONS THAT YOU MAY NEED TO ADD.TO CALCULATE THE VOLUME IN LITRES,MULTIPLY THE LENGTH X WIDTH X HEIGHT (IN CENTIMETRES)TOGETHER THEN DIVIDE BY 1000

GOLDFISH LOVE PLANTS AND THEY ARE A NATURAL PART OF THEIR DIET,BUT SOME PLANTS WILL LAST LONGER SUCH AS SPATHOPYLLUM,BELLA PALM,PURPLE WAFFLE AND ALUMINIUM

PLANTS WILL GROW ONLY IF YOU HAVE A LIGHT GLOBES ONLY GIVE OUT THE RIGHT SPECTRUM FOR GROWTH FOR ABOUT 6-9 MONTHS) AND THE ADDITION OF A FERTILISER WILL HELP

WE RECOMMEND 10 LITRES OF WATER PER SMALL FISH .LARGER FISH WILL NEED TO BE CONSIDERED AS SEVERAL FISH WHEN WORKING OUT HOW MANY FISH YOU CAN HAVE

A BACTERIAL POPULATION IS CRUCIAL IN ANY TANK AND A NEWLY SET UP AQUARIUM DOES NOT HAVE ANY PRESENT .THIS PROCESS MAY TAKE UP TO FOUR WEEKS .IT IS IMPORTANT TO ADD YOUR FISH SLOWLY AS YOUR  FILTER SYSTEM HAS TO BUILD UP THE NECESSARY GOOD BACTERIA

NEW TANK SYNDROME & NITROGEN CYCLE

NEW TANK  SYNDROME REFERS TO A FEW EVENTS THAT  CAN OCCUR IN AN AQUARIUM DURING THE FIRST FEW WEEKS OR AFTER KILLING OFF ALL THE GOOD BACTERIA.THE PROBLEM IS WHEN WASTE FROM YOUR FISH AND LEFT OVER FOOD BUILDS UP TO DANGEROUS  AMMONIA LEVELS.  THIS CAN RESULT IN FISH DEATH

SYMPTOMS OF THIS POISONING ARE THE FISH SITTING ON THE BOTTOM OR GASPING FOR AIR AT THE TOP OF THE TANK.THIS PROBLEM REQUIRES A WATER CHANGE TO DILUTE THE TOXINS AND DEPENDING ON THE SEVERITY OF IT IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO CONTINUE WATER CHANGES EVERY COUPLE OF DAYS UNTIL IT SETTLES DOWN AMMONIA IS LETHAL TO FISH AND IS THE HIGHEST KILLER IN FISH.

NITRATE IS LESS TOXIC BUT IS STILL STRESSFUL TO THE  FISH AND IN HIGH READINGS CAN CAUSE DEATH

THE PROCESS OF GETTING ALL OF THE BACTERIA CORRECT TAKES AT LEAST FOUR WEEKS TO ESTABLISH FULLY,BUT ONCE IT HAS IT IS IMPORTANT NOT TO WASH YOUR GRAVEL WITH TAP WATER AS THIS WILL KILL LARGE NUMBERS OF GOOD BACTERIA AND THE PROCESS WILL HAVE TO START AGAIN

WHEN YOU INTRODUCE FISH IN TO YOUR TANK,FLOAT THE BAG ON TOP OF THE WATER  FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES. THIS WILL ALLOW THE TEMPERATURE OF THE WATER IN THE BAG TO BECOME THE SAME AS IN THE TANK, REDUCING STRESS FOR THE FISH,OPEN THE BAG AND PUT A LITTLE OF THE TANK WATER IN TO THE BAG AND FLOAT FOR ANOTHER 5 MINUTES BEFORE RELEASING.

WATER CHANGING& MAINTENANCE

IT IS A GOOD IDEA TO CHECK THE Ph OF THE WATER . THE Ph IS A MEASURE OF HOW ACIDIC OR ALKALINE THE

WATER IS.GOLDFISH LIKE NEUTRAL OR SLIGHTLY ALKALINE WATER (ABOUT 7.0 TO 7.5 ).

IF THE PH IS WRONG THIS CAN BE  RECTIFIED BY ADDING EITHER PH UP OR PH DOWN TO THE TANK.

WATER CHANGING IS NECESSARY AND VERY IMPORTANT FOR A NUMBER OF REASONS.

THE FIRST IS THAT THE POLLUTION THAT OCCURS IN THE WATER CAN BECOME QUITE TOXIC IF IT IS NOT

DILUTED BY FRESH WATER.  SECONDLY THE GRAVEL AND FILTERS NEED TO BE CLEANED ON A REGULAR BASIS  TO

PREVENT THEM FROM BECOMING CLOGGED(A GRAVEL CLEANER CAN BE USED TO SUCK OUT THE DIRT FROM THE GRAVEL)

WE RECOMMEND A 25% WATER CHANGE EVERY WEEK

IT IS IMPORTANT THAT THE WATER YOU ARE  REPLACING IS OF SIMILAR TEMPERATURE TO THE TANK WATER AND HAS BEEN TREATED WITH DE-CHLORINATING DROPS.

DO NOT TOTALLY CLEAN YOUR WHOLE AQUARIUM WATER,GRAVEL AND FILTERS ON THE SAME DAY AS YOU THEN HAVE REMOVED  THE GOOD BACTERIA AND YOUR TANK CYCLE WILL HAVE TO START ALL OVER AGAIN,WE SUGGEST YOU RINSE THE FILTER OUT IN THE WATER YOU HAVE REMOVED FROM YOUR AQUARIUM

GOLDFISH  SHOULD BE FED A FLAKE/PELLET/OR FROZEN FOOD THAT HAS BEEN FORMULATED FOR THEM AS THEIR DIET IS DIFFERENT THAN TROPICAL FISH

A SMALL AMOUNT OF FOOD TWICE A DAY IS SUFFICIENT (REMEMBER THEIR STOMACH IS ONLY AS BIG AS THEIR EYE

DO NOT OVERFEED YOUR FISH

CHEMICALS

IT IS IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER NOT TO SPRAY ANY CHEMICALS NEAR

YOUR AQUARIUMS,SUCH AS FURNITURE POLISH,INSECT SPRAY,ROOM DEODORANTS ETC.

 

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